Gluten feed contains a significant amount of carbohydrates
(starch polysaccharides) due to which it is an energy source for animals, rich in highly digestible fibre, as well as in necessary amino acids.
Gluten feed contains 2 times more protein (18-24%) than corn itself (8-10%). Its calorific value when used in the diet of ruminants is approximately 90% of the calorific value of corn. 100 kg of saleable dry corn feed is equivalent to 125-135 feed units and contain 10-15 kg of digestible protein.
Gluten feed due to its content of phosphoric acid salts, calcium salts, carbohydrates, fat, fibre, protein is well absorbed by the animal organism:
- carbohydrates – up to 86%;
- protein and fibre – up to 76%.
Gluten feed is included in some cattle diets: up to 60% of the total amount of consumed concentrated feeds. In its content of the digestible protein it overpasses all concentrates providing a protein-energy balance; it is a protein feed additive for rough feeds: silage, hay, straw.